gamble and huff
Philadelphia International Records is a record label founded by Kenneth Gamble and Leon Huff in 1971.
Several early ventures into label ownership, notably with Gamble and Neptune, had folded prematurely.
In 1966 Gamble and Huff created an independent label, entitled Excel Records.
Excel was then renamed Gamble Records and in 1972 it was brought into the Philadelphia International umbrella as a subsidiary.
In 1974, the subsidiary's name was changed to TSOP Records.
In the 1990's, Philadelphia International launched a new subsidiary, Uncensored Records.
This imprint included the newer genre's of Black Music, encompassing many of the hip hop artists on the scene.
In it's heyday, Philadelphia International was famous for showcasing the Black music of that particular part of America and it's unique Philadelphia Soul sound.
Much of the music released by the label was recorded and produced at Sigma Sound Studios in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia International had more than thirty resident studio musicians, known together as MFSB (Mother-Father-Sister-Brother), were based at this studio and backed up many of these recordings.
The label had a distribution deal with CBS Records until 1984, when distribution of the catalog from 1976 to the present was taken over by EMI.
Sony Music Entertainment continued to distribute the catalog from 1969 to 1976.
gamble and huff
In 2007, Legacy Recordings regained the rights to Philadelphia International's full catalog.
Philadelphia International set benchmarks for quality and style, during the Seventies, in the same way that Motown had achieved during the previous decade.
Artists who have recorded for the label include:
Archie Bell & The Drells
The Jones Girls
McFadden & Whitehead
Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes
Dee Dee Sharp
Derek and Cyndi
The Three Degrees
The Whitehead Brothers
Talk of the Town
The Soul Survivors